CAD / CAM / CAE Industry expectations v/s skills of fresher from Institute

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Every day, we get several requirements for CAD designers. Requirements are immediate and long term. Most of these requirements are from reputed organizations and are dream companies for many fresh engineers.
Other side we also get many referrals, profiles from job seeking designers who has done certification courses in colleges or institutes.

Every day, we get several requirements for CAD designers. Requirements are immediate and long term. Most of these requirements are from reputed organizations and are dream companies for many fresh engineers.
Other side we also get many referrals, profiles from job seeking designers who has done certification courses in colleges or institutes.
This scenario is there from many years and keeps wondering people that there are "Urgent" Requirements and there are "immediately" available designers, but both are struggling.

Every time, answer is not an experience of candidate. In few cases it is true, however in many cases companies are looking for fresher / less experienced candidate due to following reasons

  • Cost - Lateral / experienced hires are costly compare to in-house candidate.
  • Fitment in an organization - as you move up on ladder , fitment of experienced candidate became one more criteria for selection
  • Flexibility - Fresher are more flexible and normally easy to mold. Experience people are already molded in particular way and come with some domain experience. They normally prefer to build career in that domain.

It is not that you have all disadvantages of hiring experienced resources. We must have sufficient experienced resources; however there are many advantages of hiring fresher also.

So when we analyzed this situation, we have found following gaps in demand and supply

  • Non effective Tool based CAD/CAE/CAM training - CAD Tool (CatiaV5 / NX etc.) training is must but just command awareness is not sufficient. Application of those commands in different type of components like plastic components, sheet metal components etc. are important.
  • Inferior quality of classroom exercise / projects - Typically examples taken or model created during training are very simple (though shapes look complicated for new designers). Those are created with simple commands from Solid modeling methods. Normally supplementary commands like filet & shell works on training models. While experienced engineers struggle lot in Industry to implement these commands on complicated model like instrument panels, structural parts of chassis or BIW, cylinder head etc.
  • Lack of Domain knowledge - CAD as a tool can create many features which are practically difficult to produce or cause defect during manufacturing. E.g. Cad as a tool is capable to create plastic rib with thickness equal to part thickness. Whereas, in practice, if opposite surface is visible surface, this will give a sink mark on surface.
  • Lack of manufacturing process or tooling knowledge - Engineer while designing, if don't have proper knowledge about manufacturing process; it will lead to defective design. Draft angle, Die lock conditions, minimum space required for lifter or loose piece activation are few examples where part cannot be manufactured even though it is possible in CAD. These are few examples, which explain why there is always demand of good engineers in market and why there are always engineers available searching for jobs. Above mentioned points are primarily gaps between demand and supply. If institutes / colleges work in collaboration with Industry, if industry proactively communicates their requirements to academic institutes, there are huge opportunities for making "Ready" engineers from academic institutes.
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